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12v to 220v inverter

Inverters are made for producing high voltage from low voltage DC sources/batteries. We are here to design an inverter circuit for converting 12V DC source into 220V AC power. Its components are easily available in our electronics markets and so easy to build on PCB boards.
Operations of this kind of inverters are based on switching pulses and were uses step-up transformers. So, the CD4047 microcontroller acts as a switching pulse oscillator and IRFZ44N (N-channel power MOSFET) acts as it’s switch. Then the 12-0-12 secondary transformer will inversely used as a step-up transformer.

Circuit Diagram

Components Required

  • 1. Micro-controller CD4047
  • 2. Power MOSFET IRFZ44 = 2.
  • 3. 12-0-12V secondary transformer 1 amps
  • 4. Variable Resistor 22KΩ
  • 5. Resistors 100Ω / 10 watts = 2
  • 6. capacitor 0.22µF
  • 7. 12 volt battery

Construction & Working

This inverter circuit has switch device and step-up transformer. As per the theories, high switch frequency pulse reaches the step up transformer and due to the mutual inductance; output voltage will reach high value.
The microcontroller CD 4047 is configured as an astable multi-vibrator mode with the help of variable resistor RV1 and capacitor C1. By varying the value of RV1, we will collect different range of output pulse at Q and Q’ pins. These all results the variation of output voltage at the step-up transformer. The IRFZ44 (N-channel power MOSFET) will drain, pins are connected with secondary pins of the transformer and common pin connected with the secondary winding and is connected with battery positive bias. Both MOSFETs source pins are connected to the negative bias of battery. And these are driven by Q and Q’ output from CD4047 micro-controller. If an alternate square pulse drives the MOSFETs switches, the secondary winding may forced to induce alternate magnetic field. This magnetic field induce primary winding of transformer and will produce high alternate voltage.
Note: High AC voltage circuit. Attention for handle with extreme care.


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